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The Ways of the People

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Table of Contents

Series Foreword



A History of Missionary Anthropology


Part I: Pre-history

  • Chapter 1 The Polynesian Migrations
  • Chapter 2 The Origin of Fire Worship
  • Chapter 3 Historical Identifiers in Fijian Oral Tradition (Dirges)
  • Chapter 4 Yoruba Origins in Egypt

Part II: Human Relations in Life and Death

  • Chapter 5 A New Britain Life History
  • Chapter 6 What is Man?
  • Chapter 7 Pre-Christian Baptism and Consecration Among the Maoris
  • Chapter 8 Mother
  • Chapter 9 Group Marriage and Relationship
  • Chapter 10 Bauro Kin Relationships: Responsibility, Adoption, and Avoidance [San Cristoval, Solomon Islands]
  • Chapter 11 Cremation Among the Santals
  • Chapter 12 Either Side of the Grave

Part III: Social Organization and Institutions

  • Chapter 13 The Suqe: A Melanesian Cult
  • Chapter 14 King and People in Tahiti
  • Chapter 15 Adopted Member, Headman, Trading Partner
  • Chapter 16 The Dukduk and the Tubuan of New Britain
  • Chapter 17 Covenants in Melanesia and Polynesia
  • Chapter 18 The Leaders of Karimpur
  • Chapter 19 The Place of the Bantu Chief in Rainmaking and First Fruit Rites

Part IV: Creative Arts

  • Chapter 20 Chinese Theaters, Plays, and Players
  • Chapter 21 The Story of Tu and Rei: A Manihikian Myth
  • Chapter 22 Fijian Poetry
  • Chapter 23 Toward an Ethnography of Hausa Riddling

Part V: Economics

  • Chapter 24 The Procedure and Economics of Craft Management in Old Samoa
  • Chapter 25 Debt
  • Chapter 26 New Britain Currency

Part VI: Communication

  • Chapter 27 Mother Tongue
  • Chapter 28 Evans’ Cree Alphabet
  • Chapter 29 Communicating with Drum Beats
  • Chapter 30 The Dialects of Polynesia
  • Chapter 31 Culture, Meaning, and Translation
  • Chapter 32 Languages, Signs, and Smoke Signals [Arnhem Land Nomads]
  • Chapter 33 Dream Embassy
  • Chapter 34 Conversion: Individual or Collective

Part VII: Phenomenology of Religion

  • Chapter 35 A Religion of Mana, Spirits, and Ghosts
  • Chapter 36 The Batak View of the Soul
  • Chapter 37 Samoan Gods and Their Incarnations
  • Chapter 38 The Snake Which is a Man
  • Chapter 39 A Typology of the Spirits of Korean Shamanism
  • Chapter 40 Haida Eschatology
  • Chapter 41 The Importance of Ghosts

Part VIII: Ritual Performance

  • Chapter 42 Nanga Initiation
  • Chapter 43 Shrines, Symbols, and Ministrants in South India
  • Chapter 44 Belief in and the Use of the Supernatural [Australia]
  • Chapter 45 Healing the Sick in the Tor
  • Chapter 46 Juju
  • Chapter 47 Dialogue with a Rain-doctor
  • Chapter 48 Mana

Part IX: Culture Contact and Cultural Dynamics

  • Chapter 49 The Land Question
  • Chapter 50 The Vocabulary of Land Tenure in Fiji
  • Chapter 51 Class, Caste, and Power
  • Chapter 52 Group Conversion and Its Symbolism
  • [The Keysser Method of Evangelism]
  • Chapter 53 A Meo Incipient Church
  • Chapter 54 The Problem of Making Christianity Indigenous
  • Chapter 55 Bantu Messiah and the White Christ
  • Chapter 56 Pagan and Christian Features in West African Independent Churches
  • Chapter 57 Stripping a Man of His Gods

Part X: Ethnopsychology

  • Chapter 58 Akan Psychology
  • Chapter 59 The Ethnopsychology of the Aymara Indians
  • Chapter 60 Sachilamba: A Product of His Times
  • Chapter 61 The Role of an Outgroup Person in a Culture Complex
  • Chapter 62 African Locative Memory
  • Chapter 63 Empathy

Part XI: Ethnotheology

  • Chapter 64 Dynamic Equivalence Churches
  • Chapter 65 Levels in African Theology
  • Chapter 66 The Cultural Dynamics of Postbaptismal Christian Formation

Part XII: Social Values

  • Chapter 67 The Communal Bond in Bantu Africa
  • Chapter 68 Behavior of and in the Presence of Maori Chiefs in the Culture Contact Period
  • Chapter 69 Makkarrata: Peacemaking
  • Chapter 70 Face
  • Chapter 71 Moral Values in Folklore
  • Chapter 72 On Being Clever
  • Chapter 73 Spirit Dancing
  • Chapter 74 Customary Law in the Contact Period, Malaita
  • Chapter 75 American Indian Oratory
  • Chapter 76 Writing Words and Registering Time: A Matter of Worldview

Part XIII: Applied Anthropology

  • Chapter 77 The Golden Stool
  • Chapter 78 Anthropological Research in Oceania: Methods and Opportunities
  • Chapter 79 Applying Anthropology to Daily Life
  • Chapter 80 Shifting Attitudes to Sex and Marriage in Fiji
  • Chapter 81 The Missionary and Anthropology

Part XIV: Research Methodology

  • Chapter 82 Data Collecting from Informants
  • Chapter 83 Dynamic Relationships in Religion
  • Chapter 84 Kinship Questionnaire and Letter
  • Chapter 85 Ethnohistorical Research in West Cameroon
  • Chapter 86 Four Santal Autobiographies

Part XV: Theory of Anthropology

  • Chapter 87 Levels for Describing Culture
  • Chapter 88 To What Extent are Notions of Sin and Salvation Universal?
  • Chapter 89 The Need for, and Needs of, Anthropology in Relating to Missiology


  • Appendix A The Training of Indigenous Leaders in Fiji
  • Appendix B Some Items from Edinburgh 1910:
  • “Special Missionary Preparation” Edinburgh 1910
  • Appendix C The Milligan Consultation Resolution, 1974
  • Appendix D Updated Bibliography of Missionary Anthropology

References Cited

Book Format: Paperback
by: Alan R. Tippett (Author), Doug Priest (Editor), John Williams (Contributors), Samuel Zwemer (Contributors), J. Olumide Lucas (Contributors), George Brown (Contributors), William Yate (Contributors), Alexander Hetherwick (Contributors), Lorimer Fison (Contributors), Charles Fox (Contributors), Wesley J. Culshaw (Contributors), Alexander Hetherwick (Contributors), R. H. Codrington (Contributors), William Ellis (Contributors), William E. Bromilow (Contributors), R. H. Rickard (Contributors), William and Charlotte Wiser (Contributors), Denys W. T. Shropshire (Contributors)
Alan Tippett’s publications played a significant role in the development of missiology. The volumes in this series augment his distinguished reputation by bringing to light his many unpublished materials and hard-to-locate printed articles. These books— encompassing theology, anthropology, history, area studies, religion, and ethnohistory— broaden the contours of the discipline. Missionaries and anthropologists have a tenuous relationship. While often critical of missionaries, anthropologists are indebted to missionaries for linguistic and cultural data as well as hospitality and introductions into the local community. In The Ways of the People, Alan Tippett provides a critical history of missionary anthropology and brings together a superb reader of seminal anthropological contributions from missionaries Edwin Smith, R. H. Codrington, Lorimer Fison, Diedrich Westermann, Henri Junod, and many more.
Twenty years as a missionary in Fiji, following pastoral ministry in Australia and graduate degrees in history and anthropology, provide the rich data base that made Alan R. Tippett a leading missiologist of the twentieth century. Tippett served as Professor of Anthropology and Oceanic Studies at Fuller Theological Seminary.

Additional Details

  • Pages: 702
  • Publisher: William Carey Library
  • Binding: Paperback
  • Publish Year: 2013
  • ISBN: 9780878084678
  • Vendor: William Carey Library