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Explaining the Trinity to Muslims

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Table of Contents

Prologue to the Spanish and English Versions
Prologue to the 1995 Turkish Version


1. Is It Possible to Know God?

  • The Unity of God
  • The Character of God

2. Towards a Correct Understanding

  • The Conclusions of Islamic Scholars
  • Three Qualities of Divinity
  • Anthropomorphic Adjectives

3.  Illustrations and Definitions

  • "Unfolding" into Three Persons
  • The Concept of “Son of God” (Ibnu’llah, أبن الله)
  • The Divine Being, Word, and Action
  • The Word Takes on Bodily Form
  • The Son: Using the Terminology of Islamic Theologians
  • The Definition of the Trinity


4. Trinitarian Declarations in the Bible

  • Unicity of God
  • Plurality within the Divinity
  • God the Father
  • God the Son
  • God the Holy Spirit
  • The Three Are One and the Same God
  • The Trinity and Worship
  • The Three Persons Are Clearly Distinct

5. The Theological Approach

  • What Does “Divine Person” Mean?
  • Theological Enunciation
  • God the Father
  • God Is Father Because . . .
  • "Father" Expresses . . .
  • How Is the Person of the Father Differentiated from That of the Son or the Holy Spirit?
  • God the Son
  • God the Holy Spirit
  • Relationship between the Three Divine Persons


6. The Incarnation

  • The Logos Is Uncreated
  • The Logos Is Eternal
  • The Logos Is the Almighty
  • Jesus Said He Was God
  • The Apostles Said Jesus Is God
  • Jesus Talks with God
  • The Son Is Yahweh Himself
  • The God-Man

7. Clues to Understanding the Trinity

  • Eternal Love Makes the Trinity an Imperative
  • The Incommensurable God
  • Let's Recapitulate
  • Fullness and Self-submission within God
  • The Triune Condition and Its Mystery



  • Toward the Creeds of the Early Church
  • The Apostolic Church Fathers and the Trinity
  • Writings by Clement (AD 95–115)
  • Letters by Ignatius of Antioch (AD 105–115)
  • Writings by Barnabas (AD 96–98 or 130–140)
  • Epistle to Diognetus (AD 150)
  • The Trinity in the Apocryphal Writings
  • Ignatian Apocrypha
  • The Nicene Creed (AD 325)
  • The Apostles’ Creed (AD 340)
  • The Chalcedonian Creed (AD 451)
  • Conclusion


  • Trinitarian Terminology—Transliteration of Arabic Terms into English and Their Meanings
  • The Seven Essential Attributes
  • The Six Intrinsic Attributes of the Divinity
  • Islamic Schools and Branches (Madh’hab)
  • Schools of Belief (Aqidah)


Terms, Concepts, and Names
Biblical References
The Surahs of the Qur’an and Qur’anic Quotes

by: Carlos Madrigal (Author)
This book is a culturally relevant presentation of the truth of the Trinity to the Muslim mindset. Originally it was issued through a Turkish secular publishing house and had a countrywide repercussion, even in Islamic circles. It is a useful presentation for both Muslim and Christian readers, providing fundamental keys for understanding and explaining the Trinity.


  • It is a high privilege to recommend this unique book authored by long-term Spanish worker in Turkey. I can think of no other person more qualified to speak to the themes of the Christian Trinity to a secular or religious readership. Here we have a tested and articulate veteran of Islamic ministries who has seen his understandings put through the crucible, thus producing gold. My forty-two years of cross-cultural ministry have convinced me of the urgent need and strategic role that wise publications play in our engagement with those of Muslim convictions.
    William D. TaylorGlobal Ambassador, World Evangelical Alliance, Senior Mentor, WEA Mission
  • Carlos Madrigal has come out with a masterful work on the Trinity. Even though it is designed for Muslims, it could well be used anywhere. This is the work of a first-class mind dealing with Christianity’s most difficult subject, especially in the face of Muslim misunderstandings of it. Anyone who reads this work will be wonderfully comforted in knowing how beautifully the triune God has moved to achieve our eternal salvation. I believe this book will become a classic.
    Don McCurryFounder, Zwemer Institute of Muslim Studies Editor, The Gospel and Islam Author, Healing the Broken Family of Abraham: New Life for Muslims

Additional Details

  • Pages: 192
  • Publisher: William Carey Library
  • Binding: Paperback
  • Publish Year: 2011
  • ISBN: 9780878085255
  • Vendor: William Carey Library